Paul Catalana, MD, of the University of South Carolina School of Medicine at Greenville, explains the latest update regarding the evaluation and treatment of children and adolescents with eating disorders.
First, he walks us through some of the changes including:
These updates were made because of the most recent data findings. For example, about 0.3% of individuals are impacted by Anorexia Nervosa, about 0.9% by Bulimia Nervosa, and anywhere from 1.6% to up to 4% impacted by Binge Eating Disorder—making Binge Eating Disorder the most common type of eating disorder—and another 2-2.5% of individuals have disordered eating that do not yet fit into a particular DSM-5 criteria.
Dr. Catalana explains the most recent data and consequential guideline update:
The latest update addressing the evaluation and treatment of children and adolescents with eating disorders
These updated changes and definitions are important to keep in mind as you evaluate patients—completing a detailed physical exam and review of systems. Remember: A review of systems should include a “Home Education Activities Drugs Sexual Practices and Suicidality” (HEADSPS) evaluation.
Also, as Dr. Catalana reminds us in the video, take a careful look at vital signs and other acute medical problems just in case they prompt hospitalization.
So for everyday practice, keep in mind:
Finally, consider the mental health well-being as well as the physical well-being of the individual. Then weigh the benefits of hospitalization versus intensive outpatient treatment for them.
Want more explanations of new guidelines? Check out the MedStudy Hub!